Unbending Gender: Why Family and Work Conflict and What To by Joan C. Williams

By Joan C. Williams

In Unbending Gender, Joan Williams takes a troublesome examine the nation of feminism in the United States. involved by way of what she finds--young girls who flatly refuse to spot themselves as feminists and working-class and minority girls who believe the circulate hasn't addressed the problems that dominate their day-by-day lives--she outlines a brand new imaginative and prescient of feminism that demands places of work desirous about the wishes of households and, in divorce situations, reputation of the worth of relations paintings and its effect on women's incomes power.
Williams indicates that offices are designed round men's our bodies and existence styles in ways in which discriminate opposed to girls, and that the work/family method that effects is bad for males, worse for girls, and worst of desirous about childrens. She proposes a suite of sensible guidelines and felony tasks to reorganize the 2 nation-states of labor in employment and households--so that women and men can lead more healthy and extra efficient own and paintings lives. Williams introduces a brand new 'reconstructive' feminism that areas type, race, and gender conflicts between ladies at heart level. Her answer is an inclusive, family-friendly feminism that helps either moms and dads as caregivers and as staff.

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They were liable for "petit treason should they strike him down. . "32 Religion, law , and custo m al l enforce d the father' s authority . 33 Male power was reinforced by religion: The marriage ceremony required that women promise to obey their husbands. Men owned th e labor of wives, children, servants, and apprentices . In the ordinary case, women never gained ownership of property, which was associated with masculinity. Children were the father's in more than name alone—he not only owned their labor but was entitled to their custody and was charged with their upbringing.

This was a natural step because the patriarchal family wa s viewed as an integral part of proper governance. "36 Nor were family matters treated as private. For example, early divorce records in Puritan America showed that neighbors regularly entered into areas considered private i n moder n life . Fo r example , whe n Mar y Ange l an d Abigai l Galloway looked through an open window an d saw Adam Air and Pamela Brichford "in the Is Domesticity Dead] • 2 3 Act o f Copulation," they walked int o th e hous e "and after observin g the m some time .

For example, under commo n law, a man was entitled t o hav e his wif e follo w him wherever h e wanted to live. Men no longer have that entitlement a s a legal matter, but me n as a group still enjoy it as a matter of social custom, as will be documented in chapter 4. Today working-class me n ofte n stil l us e th e languag e of status, defining th e issue as one of whether th e husband will "permit" the wife t o work. " This shift in justification i s the transitio n fro m th e languag e of status to tha t o f emotion, from a n open acknowledgment of male entitlements t o one that justifies them as the opti mal path t o self-fulfillmen t fo r wome n a s well a s fo r men.

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