Standing before the shouting mob: Lenoir Chambers and by Alex Leidholdt

By Alex Leidholdt

A southern journalist campaigns for racial knowing in the course of the
fight over tuition desegregation in Virginia.

In 1958 the nation's realization was once thinking about Norfolk,
Virginia, the place approximately 10000 scholars have been locked out in their schools.
instead of agree to the desegregation mandate of Brown v. Board
of Education
, Governor J. Lindsay Almond, supported through the powerful
political computer of Senator Harry F. Byrd, Sr., had closed Norfolk's white
secondary schools.

Massive resistance to integration remodeled Norfolk
right into a civil rights area. even if the method through which Norfolk's schools
have been built-in was once faraway from orderly, the transition used to be characterized
via debate, political maneuvering, and judicial action--not violence. Lenoir
Chambers, editor of the Norfolk Virginian-Pilot, performed a five-year
editorial crusade helping the peaceable implementation of the Court's
order. The Pilot used to be Virginia's simply white newspaper to take this
place. Chambers was once later presented a Pulitzer Prize for his editorials.

Utilizing a variety of fundamental and secondary sources,
Standing earlier than the Shouting Mob examines Chambers's crusade, explores
the impacts that formed his racial perspectives, and areas him inside the
context of southern journalism. The booklet additionally presents an in depth analysis
of Virginia's substantial resistance and Norfolk's university closing.

 

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Additional info for Standing before the shouting mob: Lenoir Chambers and Virginia's massive resistance to public-school integration

Sample text

Although the crisis had been clearly foreshadowed by the political and judicial events of the preceding several years, many of Norfolk's citizens never really believed that public schools could be closed. 3 Although many of Norfolk's citizens favored the immediate reopening of the city's public schools, few were willing to speak out. This was especially true of business and community leaders. 4 As the numbing sense of disbelief of the first few days of the closing wore off, tempers began to rise.

19 Nevertheless, the appearance of the ownership of the two papers trying to pander to readers was disturbing to Robert Mason: "I was pained that there was another paper under the same roof that was taking an opposite view. I don't think that would ever happen again. . I think [it] was a mistake. . At the time, I never heard anyone at the newspapers or editorial offices object to it. "20 Mason believed that had Batten been more experienced, he would have unified the papers' editorial policies: "He had no doubts at all about his ability to run that business, but he had great respect for his editors.

And] to use all the brains God gave you all the time, even when it is likely to be highly unpleasant and even dangerous to use them. . The newspaper editor who is afraid to stand up to be laughed at, or sworn at, is . . a slacker. By shouting with the mob you gain a fat pay-check and a soft job; the chamber of commerce and the Rotary Club may call you a great editor, Page 19 but the good God who gave you the brains to be an editor will know you for a louse. 2 Johnson left the paper in 1924 to accept a faculty position in the University of North Carolina's journalism department.

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