Misclassification of Smoking Habits and Passive Smoking: A by Peter N. Lee (auth.)

By Peter N. Lee (auth.)

How actual are statements approximately smoking behavior? This e-book provides the result of a entire assessment during which the literature at the topic is newly interpreted. it truly is proven that people who smoke are misclassified as non-smokers in epidemiological stories usually sufficient to provide an explanation for the elevated lung melanoma possibility visible in self-reported non-smokers on the subject of their spouse's smoking behavior. This examine overturns the generally held view that elevated threat is a end result of publicity to environmental tobacco smoke and highlights the trouble of constructing legitimate inferences from epidemiological information. No-one should still draw conclusions approximately passive smoking sooner than interpreting this book!

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Extra resources for Misclassification of Smoking Habits and Passive Smoking: A Review of the Evidence

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The authors comment on the unreliability of this deception rate due to the unsatisfactory selection of the patients. They do not give their criterion for considering a nicotine value inconsistent with non-smoker status. Wilcox et al. (1979), in a study in Nottingham, collected random samples of urine for nicotine and cotinine from 104 volunteers (46 non-smokers and 58 smokers) whose smoking history was considered to be reliable. ug/100 ml for nicotine and cotinine respectively. All non-smokers had levels below the detection limits whilst all smokers had levels above the detection limits.

8%. These authors suggested that the relatively low level of deception found in their study may have been due to "a high degree of rapport achieved between patients and medical staff during an exceptionally long and regular follow-up period". Jarvis et al. (1982) randomised 116 UK smokers attending a smokers' clinic to receive either advice or placebo nicotine chewing gum. Of 27 subjects claiming to be abstinent after 1 year for whom expired air CO (Jarvis et al. 1980) or COHb (Russell et al. 1973) values were available, there were stated to be no cases of deception.

The authors comment on the unreliability of this deception rate due to the unsatisfactory selection of the patients. They do not give their criterion for considering a nicotine value inconsistent with non-smoker status. Wilcox et al. (1979), in a study in Nottingham, collected random samples of urine for nicotine and cotinine from 104 volunteers (46 non-smokers and 58 smokers) whose smoking history was considered to be reliable. ug/100 ml for nicotine and cotinine respectively. All non-smokers had levels below the detection limits whilst all smokers had levels above the detection limits.

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