Microprocessors and their Operating Systems. A Comprehensive by R. C. Holland

By R. C. Holland

Presents a accomplished consultant to all the significant microprocessor households (8, sixteen and 32 bit). The facets and software program implications are defined, giving the reader an total figuring out of microcomputer architectures. the inner processor operation of every microprocessor equipment is gifted, via descriptions of the guide set and functions for the equipment. software program concerns are improved with descriptions and examples of the most excessive point programming languages (BASIC, Pascal and C). The ebook additionally contains certain descriptions of the 3 major working platforms (CP/M, DOS and UNIX) universal to the main sleek own desktops

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Additional info for Microprocessors and their Operating Systems. A Comprehensive Guide to 8-, 16- and 32- Bit Hardware, Assembly Language and Computer Architecture

Example text

The ten CPUs share the same instruction set and addressing modes. The advantage of this large family of devices, which differ only in packaging size and memory addressing range, is that a specific device can be chosen to suit a particular application. By far the most popular CPU in the range is the MCS6502, which forms the main processing chip in the following common home and office computers: (1) Commodore PET (2) Commodore VIC 20 51 52 MICROPROCESSORS AND THEIR OPERATING SYSTEMS (3) (4) (5) (6) Apple 2 BBC Model B Acorn Atom Oriel.

3). The pin functions of the popular Z80 PIO are illustrated in Fig. 4. The device possesses two 8-bit ports, with handshaking signals available for each port. The four addresses on the device are: B/A 0 0 1 1 C/D 0—Port A data 1—Port A control 0—Port B data 1—Port B control Therefore each port possesses its own control register. This enables each port to have a wide range of programmable options, and these include byte output, byte input and mixed mode (some bits output, some bits input). Port A alone can be selected to be bi-directional.

Simplified schematic of Comcen Crystal office computer. 40 MICROPROCESSORS AND THEIR OPERAΉNG SYSTEMS Z8603 RESET - "Piggy-back" ; 2716 EPROM (2Κχθ) <2 ^> PortO(or,AI5-AO) Port I (or, AD7-AD0) k=> P o r t 2 ^ > I Port 3 \C ^^ -i ■ MuIti-function port f (serial I / O , counter/timer, ' interrupts) FIG. 10. Zilog Z8603 pin functions. 7 Single-chip Microcomputers The Zilog Z8 family of single-chip microcomputers offers a range of fast and powerful processors. A typical member of the family offers 2K (or 4K) bytes of ROM/EPROM, 144 bytes of RAM, a UART, 2 counter/timers and 4 ports (32 input/output signals).

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