Integrated cancer management : surgery, medical oncology, by Michael H. Torosian

By Michael H. Torosian

An exploration of the diversity of metabolic, dietary, immunologic and mental adjustments which could happen whereas treating neighborhood, nearby and far away melanoma. It examines the impacts of those elements on results and restoration, and comprises summaries of oncological therapy.

content material: Breast melanoma --
Esophagus and proximal gastric tumors --
Mid and distal gastric cancers --
Small bowel tumors --
Appendiceal tumors --
Colon melanoma --
Recxtal melanoma --
melanoma of the anal canal --
Pancreatic and periampullary tumors --
Liver and proximal-mid biliary melanoma --
Adrenal gland carcinoma --
Thyroid and parathyroid melanoma --
Carcinoid tumors --
Hodgkin's and non-hodgkin's lymphomas --
gentle tissue sarcomas --
cancer --
Lung melanoma --
Malignant mesothelioma --
Mediastinal tumors --
Oncological emergencies --
melanoma vaccines: scientific and surgical implications --
dietary and way of life amendment to reinforce oncology care --
Molecular biology within the administration of stable tumors: breast, colon, and prostate cancer.
summary:

Explores the variety of metabolic, dietary, immunologic, and mental alterations which may ensue whereas treating neighborhood, neighborhood, and far-off melanoma. This e-book analyzes scientific prognostic factors, Read more...

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Additional info for Integrated cancer management : surgery, medical oncology, and radiation oncology

Example text

The definitions of negative margins, positive margins, or close margins vary among different institutions. 18 Torosian et al. Most single institution studies use a minimum distance of 1 or 2 mm between all microscopic tumor and inked margins to classify margins as negative. Margins are also considered negative when no tumor is seen in a reexcisional biopsy specimen. Some investigators, including the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast Project, classify margins as negative when there is any distance between tumor and inked margins, and score margins as positive only when tumor cells are identified as transected by the inked margins.

General guidelines for the adjuvant treatment of early stage breast cancer are outlined in Table 5. These general recommendations do not emphasize the TABLE 4 Common Chemotherapy Regimens Used in the Adjuvant Treatment of Breast Cancer CMF (classic): ‘‘IV’’ CMF: CAF: AC: Cyclophosphamide 100 mg/m2 PO days 1–14 Methotrexate 40 mg/m 2 IV days 1 and 8 Fluorouracil 600 mg/m 2 IV days 1 and 8 Repeat every 28 days Cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2 IV day 1 Methotrexate 40 mg/m2 IV day 1 Fluorouracil 600 mg/m2 IV day 1 Repeat every 21 days Cyclophosphamide 100 mg/m2 daily days 1–14 Doxorubicin 30 mg/m2 IV days 1 and 8 Fluorouracil 500 mg/m2 IV days 1 and 8 Repeat every 28 days Adriamycin 60 mg/m2 IV day 1 Cyclophosphamide 600 mg/mg IV day 1 Repeat every 21 days Breast Cancer 33 TABLE 5 Treatment Recommendations for Patients with Early-Stage Breast Cancer Lymph node negative: Lymph node positive: Tumor size Ͻ or ϭ 1 cm Observation ERϩ Tumor size 1–2 cm Low histological nuclear grade Tumor size Ͼ or ϭ 2 cm or Tumor size Ͼ or ϭ 1 cm ERϪ High histological and nuclear grade ERϪ premenopausal patient postmenopausal patient ERϩ premenopausal patient postmenopausal patient Tamoxifen Chemotherapy Ϯ tamoxifen Chemotherapy Chemotherapy Ϯ tamoxifen Chemotherapy Ϯ tamoxifen Tamoxifen Ϯ chemotherapy (esp.

Paget’s disease should not be confused with a locally advanced, centrally located breast carcinoma that involves the nipple/areolar complex by direct tumor extension. These locally advanced breast carcinomas should be treated as standard, infiltrating breast carcinomas. Inflammatory Carcinoma Inflammatory breast carcinoma is a fast-growing, aggressive carcinoma that typically affects younger women. As its name implies, inflammatory breast carcinoma presents with clinical signs and symptoms of inflammation or infection such as: diffuse erythema, warmth and edema (peau d’orange) of the breast skin, and induration of the underlying breast tissue.

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