By Inger Weibust
The USA, Switzerland and Canada are prosperous democracies that are supposed to be conducive to potent decentralized or cooperative environmental policy-making. despite the fact that, a more in-depth exam in their environmental coverage over many many years unearths no facts that those techniques have labored. So, does it subject who does what? Can cooperation among sub-national governments safeguard the surroundings? construction on comparative case reviews on air, water and fluoride toxins and using vast old fabric, Inger Weibust questions how governance constitution impacts environmental coverage functionality within the US, Switzerland, Canada and the ecu Union. Breaking new flooring via learning formal and casual environmental cooperation, Weibust demonstrates that federal platforms with extra centralized policy-making produce stricter environmental regulations and means that devolution and subsidiarity will bring about much less environmental defense. an important perception into the complexities of policy-making and governance constructions, this booklet is a vital contribution to the starting to be debates surrounding comparative federalism and multi-level governance.
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Extra info for Green Leviathan (Federalism Studies)
Factors predicting low confidence in the federal government do not necessarily predict a corresponding confidence in state governments (Farnsworth 1999). Of particular relevance to this book, is the finding that despite the greater trust in state government, the majority of Americans polled still wanted to the federal government to have greater powers than the states for certain policy areas: … although the majority of Americans trust their own state government more, the public still prefers that the federal government have more responsibility than state governments for certain problem areas ...
There is no evidence for a robust tradeoff relationship between growth and environmental protection, particularly not for the economy as a whole (Goodstein 1999). For new businesses, labour force cost and quality, distance to major markets and infrastructure are the most significant factors in business location decisions. And yet, governments still strive to limit environmental policies and push for less stringent measures. This chapter presents the relevant literatures on interjurisdictional competition.
Surveys of executives find that environmental regulations are quite low on rankings of factors affecting location decisions. Yet this book finds that sub–national jurisdictions systematically tend to have fewer and more lax environmental standards than national governments do. Anecdotal evidence indicates that governments are very concerned that environmental protection will harm the competitiveness of their economies. The paradox is that governments appear to compete on environmental regulations and yet gain no economic or employment benefit from doing so.