Graphic History of Architecture by John Mansbridge

By John Mansbridge

What's a hammer-beam roof? the place does a voissoir slot in an arch? What church buildings did Nicholas Hawksmoor layout? Now structure scholars and others attracted to the historical past of the outfitted atmosphere can seek advice a unmarried reference publication to discover the solutions to those and to hundreds and hundreds of different questions, quick and within the shape most simply comprehended: transparent and logical drawings. There are 2000 drawings during this ebook overlaying the background of Western structure from Egypt via Wright, Saarinen, and Fuller.

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Sockets and a broad flat recess above these pilasters suggest an ambulatory roof and hall, possibly of wood. The tower above (for a schematic reconstruction, see fig. 144) has a lower storey with pillared corner pavilions and ‘perforated’ central window-like screens; the broad central offset has a frieze with two large floral medallions that flank a central lattice. The corner pavilions stand as if independent structures, each roofed by a pair of receding cornices crowned by an āmalaka (figs. 16, 60).

Only the sanctum survives, with plain kañjūr walls that suggest that it once stood within a closed covered hall (fig. 30). The superstructure above has projecting central and flanking offsets; only corner bands are conterminous with the sanctum below. Of temples we have discussed in the Salt Range so far, only the brick temple at Kālar had a tower with five vertical divisions, as commonly found in eighth- and ninth-century Nāgara temples in North India. The storeys of Temple D’s śikhara—as elsewhere only on Temple E at Bilot (fig.

The top of the wall frieze on both temples has a saw-tooth garland between pilasters. On Kañjarī Koṭhī, this saw-tooth pattern also underpins flat platforms supporting āmalakas in the superstructure. Wall pilasters have incorporated āmalaka-like rings in the upper part of their shafts. The pediments of the frames around the walls’ central cellas have three levels; those over corner ‘windows’ have half candraśālās flanking a candraśālā below and a crowning candraśālā above. The lower level of the superstructure of Kañjarī Koṭhī echoes the unusual pattern of Temple A at Kāfirkot,̣ with corner āmalakas and cornice units with āmalakas paired on the central projection (fig.

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