By Lawrence Wright
A clear-sighted revelation, a deep penetration into the area of Scientology via the Pulitzer Prize-winning writer of The Looming Tower, the now-classic learn of al-Qaeda’s 9-11 assault. according to greater than 2 hundred own interviews with present and previous Scientologists—both well-known and no more good known—and years of archival study, Lawrence Wright makes use of his awesome investigative skill to discover for us the internal workings of the Church of Scientology.
At the book’s middle, males whom Wright brings vividly to lifestyles, exhibiting how they've got made Scientology what it's at the present time: The darkly wonderful science-fiction author L. Ron Hubbard, whose stressed, expansive brain invented a brand new faith. And his successor, David Miscavige—tough and pushed, with the unenviable job of retaining the church after the demise of Hubbard.
We find out about Scientology’s advanced cosmology and certain language. We see the ways that the church pursues celebrities, reminiscent of Tom Cruise and John Travolta, and the way such stars are used to strengthen the church’s objectives. And we meet the younger idealists who've joined the ocean Org, the church’s clergy, signing up with a billion-year contract.
In Going transparent, Wright examines what essentially makes a faith a faith, and no matter if Scientology is, in reality, deserving of this constitutional defense. utilizing all his unheard of journalistic talents of remark, figuring out, and shaping a narrative right into a compelling narrative, Lawrence Wright has given us an evenhanded but keenly incisive ebook that finds the very essence of what makes Scientology the establishment it is.
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Extra info for Going Clear: Scientology, Hollywood, and the Prison of Belief
For a given amount WHY DOES CULTURE INCREASE HUMAN ADAPTABILITY? 43 of time and effort, the better an individual’s initial guess, the better on average its ﬁnal performance. Now, imagine that the environment varies, so that different behaviors are optimal in different environments. Organisms who cannot imitate must start with whatever initial guess is provided by their genotype. They can then learn and improve their behavior. However, when they die, these improvements die with them, and their offspring must begin again at the genetically given initial guess.
When this probability is high, knowing the state of the environment in one generation tells little about the state of the environment in the next generation. In contrast, when the probability of switching is low, the environment in the next generation is likely to be the same as the environment this generation. There are two behaviors available to the organism: one best in wet conditions and the other in dry conditions. There also are two genotypes—learners and imitators. Learners ﬁgure out whether the current environment is wet or dry and always adopt the appropriate behavior.
77–100). New York: Academic Press. Galef, B. G. 1988. Imitation in animals: History, definition, and interpretation of data from the psychological laboratory. In: Social learning: A biopsychological approach, T. Zentall & B. G. Galef, eds. (pp. 1–28). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erbaum. Hauser, M. 1988. Invention and social tranmission: New data from wild vervet monkeys. In: Machiavellian intelligence: Social expertise and the evolution of intellect in monkeys, apes, and hen, R. W. Byrne & A. Whitten, eds.