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Additional info for El Croquis, Issue 160: Bevk Perovic 2004-2012 Conditionalism
They are particularly suitable for inner-city rivers and waterways with a hard, uniform, boxed cross section, and are also very aesthetically appealing thanks to the contrast they provide with their mostly hardscape surroundings. On the river Seine in Choisyle-Roi, a suburb of Paris, the shoreline has been restored at the waterside: a marginal planting zone serves as an intermediary between the boardwalk and river, and reduces the danger of falling into the water. 6 Submergible riverside paths Submergible boardwalks Surmounting the embankment wall IJssel, Doesburg Seine, Choisy-le-Roi Rhône, Lyon People like to be able to walk along the water's edge; a continuous promenade at the foot of the riverbank wall offers this opportunity and also creates an intimate and secluded waterside space.
Straightening rivers and cutting off backwaters stimulates faster water discharge. Simultaneously, however, the water retention capacity is reduced and the danger of flooding thereby aggravated. These lateral limitations on rivers are exacerbated by technical alterations to the river channel profile itself. Cross-current constructions such as barrages, falls and canalisation through pipes impair ecological permeability, that is, they present insuperable obstacles to the movement of most species.
The systems today often reveal themselves to be not flexible enough to meet these new demands. The highest priority, according to the EU Flood Risk Management Directive, should be the preservation and creation of retention areas along watercourses, and planning water retention measures in areas of human settlement [FRMD §14]. This would take pressure off river systems and create greater flexibility to absorb extreme rainfall events. Structural diversity as an objective Important impetus for the future design of rivers and waterways is provided by the EU Water Framework Directive.