Diagrid Structures by Terri Meyer Boake

By Terri Meyer Boake

Diagrids are load-bearing constructions made up of metal diagonal grids. They have been first utilized in the nice structures of the flip of the millennium, equivalent to the Swiss Re Tower in London ("The Gherkin") and the Hearst journal Tower in big apple urban. Diagrids owe their resulting reputation not just to their beautiful aesthetic price, but additionally to their very tangible merits: a huge saving of fabric, an important achieve in open, usable flooring region, and elevated flexibility. The e-book seems to be at modern diagrid structures equivalent to Capital Gate (Abu Dhabi), Guangzhou IFC (China), Bow Encana (Calgary), CCTV (China) and the Doha Tower (Qatar) to set up an figuring out of the technique of the layout of this cutting edge style. At its beginning in 2014, The Leadenhall construction in London could be the first skyscraper with out a bearing internal core--thanks to a diagrid constitution. This ebook explains comprehensively for the 1st time all the elements excited by this new bearing constitution. the writer, skilled in instructing, study, and perform (recent ebook: realizing metal layout: An Architectural layout guide, 2011), has tracked the improvement of this know-how from its beginnings and employs thorough photographic documentation of the development levels of many diagrid buildings.

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Where the sketches and CFD model may be useful in establishing the initial understanding of the actions of the wind on the building, these sorts of drawings and models do not address the major issue of the context of the building. Urban situations, in particular, have extremely complicated wind flow patterns as a direct result of the configuration of buildings adjacent to the subject site being studied. It is most efficient to do physical wind tunnel modeling to address this issue. This is normally done in a boundary layer wind tunnel.

Then the perimeter “columns” were greatly inclined as they became the diagonal members of the diagrid system. As a consequence they follow the tapering shape of the building and, as the diagrid is symmetrical in its conception, this resulted in the creation of spirals that run up the building in opposing directions. From the six-finger layout of the interior office areas emerged six triangular voids that are used as part of the double façade ventilation system and also serve as light wells to the interior spaces.

What is incredibly intriguing with diagrids, in contrast to previous Modernist structural strategies for tall buildings, is that a “basic” typology does not exist. Contemporary diagrid buildings tend to be unique, reinforcing the idea that architectural ambitions are pushing the engineering technology in these structures. Whether in terms of height, shape, profile, node design or the length of the diagrid member, each and every diagrid structure is very different, almost in defiance of current research looking for optimization.

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