Device Architecture and Materials for Organic Light-Emitting by Sarah Schols

By Sarah Schols

Device structure and fabrics for natural Light-Emitting units focuses at the layout of recent gadget and fabric suggestions for natural light-emitting units, thereby focusing on excessive present densities and a more robust regulate of the triplet focus. a brand new light-emitting gadget structure, the OLED with field-effect electron shipping, is proven. This equipment is a hybrid among a diode and a field-effect transistor. in comparison to traditional OLEDs, the steel cathode is displaced by means of one to a number of micrometers from the light-emitting area, decreasing optical absorption losses. The electrons injected by means of the cathode gather at an natural heterojunction and are transported to the light-emission region via field-effect. excessive mobilities for cost vendors are accomplished during this method, permitting a excessive present density and a discounted variety of cost vendors within the equipment. Pulsed excitation experiments express that pulses right down to 1 µs could be utilized to this constitution with no affecting the sunshine depth, suggesting that pulsed excitation may help to minimize the buildup of triplets within the machine. the combo of a lot of these houses makes the OLED with field-effect electron shipping really attention-grabbing for waveguide units and destiny electrically pumped lasers. additionally, triplet-emitter doped natural fabrics, in addition to using triplet scavengers in conjugated polymers are investigated.

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Extra info for Device Architecture and Materials for Organic Light-Emitting Devices: Targeting High Current Densities and Control of the Triplet Concentration

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Organic small molecules on the other hand, are generally not very soluble in common solvents and are therefore typically deposited using organic molecular beam deposition (OMBD) or by organic vapor deposition. 1 Chemical description of the organic compounds shown in Fig. 1 Abbreviation Chemical description Alq3 tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum Btp2 Ir(acac) bis(2-(2’benzothienyl)pyridinato-N,C3 )(acetylacetonate)iridium(III) CNPPP 2-[(6-Cyano-6-methylheptyloxy)-1,4-phenylene] copolymer COT 1,3,5,7-cyclooctatetraene DCM2 4-(Dicyanomethylene)-2-methyl-6-(julolindin-4-yl-vinyl)-4H-pyran DFH-4T α,ω-diperfluorohexyl-quaterthiophene DFHCO-4T 5, 5”’-diperfluorohexylcarbonyl-2,2’:5’,2”:5”,2”’-quaterthiophene F5Ph bis((2,4-difluoro)phenylpyridine)-(2-(1,2,4-triazol-3-pentafluorophenyl)pyridine)iridium(III) GDP16b 2,3-Bis(4-fluorophenyl)quinoxaline(3-tert-butyl-5-(2-pyridyl)pyrazole)iridium(III) MeLPPP methyl-substituted ladder-type poly(para-phenylene) PαMs poly-α-methylstyrene PF2/6 poly(9,9-di(ethylhexyl)fluorene) PTAA Poly(triarylamine) PTCDI-C13 H27 N,N’-ditridecylperylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic diimide Fig.

Upon revolving the sample, centrifugal force spins off the fluid and a uniform film is created. Afterwards, the persistent solvent can be removed by baking the sample on a hotplate at elevated temperatures. The resulting film thickness depends on the molecular weight of the organic material, the concentration of the solution and the spin-speed. For the organic compounds of Fig. 2. The layer thickness was determined using a Veeco Dektak V200-Si stage profiler or by spectroscopic ellipsometry (Sopra GESP-5).

Using liquid solutions of organic dye molecules [117]. Due to their broad gain spectrum and wide tuning range [118] commercial dye lasers have been existing for many years and are used for various applications. However, the complex and bulky laser design, requiring regular maintenance, as well as the need to employ large volumes of organic solvents are inherent drawbacks of this technology. The first solid-state lasers employing organic materials were demonstrated in 1967 by Soffer and McFarland using dye-doped polymers [119] and were followed by the realization of lasing in doped single crystals in 1972 [120] and in pure anthracene crystals in 1974 [121].

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