Countries and Their Cultures, Volume 3: Laos - Rwanda by Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember

By Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember

Just like the ten-volume Encyclopedia of worldwide Cultures (Macmillan, 1996), the four-volume international locations and Their Cultures relies at the selection of ethnographic info referred to as the Human kinfolk region records established at Yale collage. not like global Cultures, that is prepared by way of tradition, the hot paintings is prepared through kingdom. This work's energy is that readers who recognize little or no a few state can fast receive an exceptional orientation to the key concerns, historical past, and social constitution of a state. The 225 entries are among ten and 20 pages lengthy and skim like a go among a well-written encyclopedia article, a go back and forth consultant, and a social technological know-how essay. they supply an exceptional normal assessment of a rustic with out enormously oversimplifying or distorting. All entries have an analogous constitution, with sections on geography, background, demography, languages, foodstuff, economic system, etiquette, politics, relations, faith, and humanities and arts. A country's measure of cultural solidarity in addition to its cultural diversifications are defined within the sections on nationwide id, ethnic kinfolk, and social stratification. each one access has a map with a nearby insert, black-and-white pictures, and a bibliography of modern scholarly books. advised specially for libraries that don't personal Encyclopedia of worldwide Cultures. Marc Meola, Coll. of recent Jersey Lib., Ewing

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Russian has had a strong influence on religious vocabulary, while German has influenced the domestic vocabulary. Written Latvian bore little relationship to the spoken language until 1638. Spelling followed German orthographic traditions until the foundation of an independent state. Russian linguistic influence is also noticeable. In the nineteenth century most educated Latvians spoke German. In the second half of the nineteenth and the early twentieth centuries the educated segments of the population became fluent in Russian.

Both names derive from the common language, Sotho, which was spoken by the many groups which united to form the nation in the early 1800s. Lesotho is often referred to as ‘‘The Kingdom in the Sky’’ or ‘‘The Switzerland of southern Africa’’ because of the stark beauty of its rugged mountainous terrain. It is also described as ‘‘The Hostage State’’ due to the unfortunate situation of being completely surrounded by and dependent upon the Republic of South Africa. Location and Geography. Covering 11,718 square miles (30,355 square kilometers), the Kingdom of Lesotho is approximately the size of Maryland.

All the religions in Lebanon place much emphasis on the afterlife. Individuals are constantly exhorted to live righteous lives in the present, which will allow them to enter a beauteous paradise. M EDICINE AND H EALTH C ARE Health care is highly developed in Lebanon. Very little belief in the efficacy of traditional medicine remains. Lebanon has more doctors than it actually needs, and hospitals are constantly trying to modernize. Graphic Arts. Painting is very varied and encouraged in Lebanon.

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