By Jessica Dijkman
The past due heart a long time witnessed the transformation of the county of Holland from a peripheral agrarian sector to a hugely commercialised and urbanised one. This publication examines how the company of commodity markets contributed to this impressive improvement. evaluating Holland to England and Flanders, the booklet indicates that Hollands particular background of reclamation and payment had given upward thrust to a beneficial stability of powers among nation, the Aristocracy, cities and rural groups that decreased possibilities for rent-seeking and favoured the increase of effective markets. This allowed burghers, peasants and fishermen to take complete good thing about new possibilities provided via altering fiscal and ecological conditions within the past due fourteenth and early 15th centuries.
By Plotinus, Paul Henry, A. H. Armstrong, Porphyry
Plotinus (204/5–270 CE) was once the 1st and maximum of Neoplatonic philosophers. His writings have been edited by means of his disciple Porphyry, who released them a long time after his master's loss of life in six units of 9 treatises every one (the Enneads). Plotinus looked Plato as his grasp, and his personal philosophy is a profoundly unique improvement of the Platonism of the 1st centuries of the Christian period and the heavily comparable considered the Neopythagoreans, with a few affects from Aristotle and his fans and the Stoics, whose writings he knew good yet used seriously. he's a different mixture of mystic and Hellenic rationalist. His proposal ruled later Greek philosophy and motivated either Christians and Moslems, and remains to be alive this present day as a result of its union of rationality and severe non secular event. In his acclaimed version of Plotinus, Armstrong presents very good introductions to every treatise. His necessary notes clarify imprecise passages and provides connection with parallels in Plotinus and others.
By Barbara Weiden Boyd
This quantity at the Roman poet Ovid (43 BCE - 17 CE) includes articles through 14 foreign students. Contributions hide quite a lot of themes, together with a biographical essay, a survey of the foremost manuscripts and textual traditions, and a finished dialogue of Ovid's kind
By Bernard Mees
The 1st complete research of early Celtic cursing, this paintings analyses either medieval and historic expressions of Celtic imprecation: from the binding pills of historic Britain and Gaul to the saintly maledictions of the early medieval interval, and different strains of Celtic stipulation and binding merely speculated on in prior scholarship. It offers the 1st complete review and analyses of the traditional Celtic use of binding curses (as attested in outdated Celtic and Latin inscriptions) and examines their mooted impact in later medieval expressions. old reveals (among them lengthy Gaulish curse texts, Celtic Latin Curse pills chanced on from the Alpine areas to Britain, and fragments of outdated Brittonic drugs excavated from Roman bathtub) are subjected to rigorous new interpretations, and medieval reflections of the sooner culture also are thought of.
By Phillip Mitsis, Lecturer in Classics Ioannis Ziogas
Taking their aspect of departure from Frederick Ahl s pioneering paintings, the prestigious students during this quantity have come jointly to reconsider the relation of poetry and tool within the context of authoritarian regimes in old Rome and to ascertain the ways in which poets not just commented on imperial politics, but in addition have been direct individuals within the development of that political fact. "
By Eglal Doss-Quinby, Roberta L. Krueger, E. Jane Burns
This number of essays can pay tribute to Nancy Freeman Regalado, a ground-breaking pupil within the box of medieval French literature whose study has consistently driven past disciplinary barriers. The articles within the quantity mirror the intensity and variety of her scholarship, in addition to her collaborations with literary critics, philologists, historians, paintings historians, musicologists, and vocalists - in France, England, and the U.S.. encouraged via her latest paintings, those twenty-four essays are tied jointly via a unmarried query, wealthy in ramifications: how does functionality form our figuring out of medieval and pre-modern literature and tradition, even if the character of that functionality is visible, linguistic, theatrical, musical, spiritual, didactic, socio-political, or editorial? The reviews provided right here invite us to seem afresh on the interrelationship of viewers, writer, textual content, and artifact, to visualize new methods of conceptualizing the construction, transmission, and reception of medieval literature, tune, and paintings. EGLAL DOSS-QUINBY is Professor of French at Smith collage. ROBERTA L. KRUEGER is Professor of French at Hamilton collage. E. JANE BURNS is Professor of Women's reports and Adjunct Professor of Comparative Literature on the collage of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. individuals: ANNE AZÉMA, RENATE BLUMENFELD-KOSINSKI, CYNTHIA J. BROWN, ELIZABETH A. R. BROWN, MATILDA TOMARYN BRUCKNER, E. JANE BURNS, ARDIS BUTTERFIELD, KIMBERLEE CAMPBELL, ROBERT L. A. CLARK, MARK CRUSE, KATHRYN A. DUYS, ELIZABETH EMERY, SYLVIA HUOT, MARILYN LAWRENCE, KATHLEEN A. LOYSEN, LAURIE POSTLEWATE, EDWARD H. ROESNER, SAMUEL N. ROSENBERG, LUCY FREEMAN SANDLER, PAMELA SHEINGORN, HELEN SOLTERER, JANE H. M. TAYLOR, EVELYN BIRGE VITZ, LORI J. WALTERS, AND MICHEL ZINK.
By Charlotte Steenbrugge
Characters representing quite a few sins and vices grew to become the celebrities in their respective theatrical traditions throughout the overdue medieval and early glossy interval in either the Low nations and England. This research assesses the significance of such characters, and particularly the English Vice and Dutch sinnekens, for our knowing of medieval and sixteenth-century Dutch and English drama by means of charting diachronic advancements and during synchronic comparisons. The research of the capabilities in addition to theatrical and meta-theatrical elements of those characters finds how those performs have been conditioned by means of their literary and social environment. It sheds priceless mild at the subtly divergent appreciation of the idea that of drama in those areas and on their varied use of drama as a didactic device. In a much wider standpoint this research additionally investigates how the ethical performs and their unfavorable characters mirror the alterations within the highbrow and spiritual weather of the 15th and 16th centuries.