Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of by Frederick Rowe Davis

By Frederick Rowe Davis

Rachel Carson’s eloquent booklet Silent Spring stands as the most very important books of the 20 th century and encouraged very important and long-lasting alterations in environmental technology and govt coverage. Frederick Rowe Davis thoughtfully units Carson’s learn within the context of the 20 th century, reconsiders her success, and analyzes its legacy in gentle of poisonous chemical use and law today.
Davis examines the background of pesticide improvement along the evolution of the technology of toxicology and tracks laws governing publicity to chemical compounds around the 20th century. He affirms the brilliance of Carson’s cautious medical interpretations drawing on info from college and executive toxicologists. even though Silent Spring instigated laws that effectively terminated DDT use, different warnings have been neglected. mockingly, we changed one poison with even extra poisonous ones. Davis concludes that we urgently want new brooding about how we review and keep watch over insecticides in accounting for his or her ecological and human toll.

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To accomplish this, the FDA diverted most of its field force of inspectors and chemists to review the thousands of order slips in each of the four distribution centers as well as in wholesale and retail drug stores. Complicating matters was the fact that many of the sales of Elixir Sufanilamide were over-the-counter (not by prescription) to unknown individuals. In the most problematic cases, 21 toxic ol o gy emerges in public health crises doctors had either no names or fictitious names for individuals who received the drug.

Massengill Company, appeared to have solved the problem by mixing sulfanilamide with diethylene glycol, which the Massengill Company had employed successfully in other drugs in extremely small amounts. 3 kg) of powdered sulfanilamide, as well as small amounts of the following flavorenhancing substances: elixir flavor, saccharin, caramel, amaranth solution, and raspberry extract. After calling the new drug Elixir Sulfanilamide, Watkins sent it to the Massengill laboratory, where it underwent examination for appearance, flavor, and fragrance.

Most doctors and pharmacists contributed willingly to the confiscation campaign, but a few refused to cooperate and even denied the adverse effects of the drug. One South Carolina doctor admitted to inspectors that he had dispensed just under two pints of the elixir to three white patients and two black patients, none of whom died. Further investigation revealed that in fact the doctor administered the elixir to seven patients, of whom four had died: one white man, one white girl, and two black men.

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