By Frederick Rowe Davis
Davis examines the background of pesticide improvement along the evolution of the technology of toxicology and tracks laws governing publicity to chemical compounds around the 20th century. He affirms the brilliance of Carson’s cautious medical interpretations drawing on info from college and executive toxicologists. even though Silent Spring instigated laws that effectively terminated DDT use, different warnings have been neglected. mockingly, we changed one poison with even extra poisonous ones. Davis concludes that we urgently want new brooding about how we review and keep watch over insecticides in accounting for his or her ecological and human toll.
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Additional info for Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology
To accomplish this, the FDA diverted most of its ﬁeld force of inspectors and chemists to review the thousands of order slips in each of the four distribution centers as well as in wholesale and retail drug stores. Complicating matters was the fact that many of the sales of Elixir Sufanilamide were over-the-counter (not by prescription) to unknown individuals. In the most problematic cases, 21 toxic ol o gy emerges in public health crises doctors had either no names or ﬁctitious names for individuals who received the drug.
Massengill Company, appeared to have solved the problem by mixing sulfanilamide with diethylene glycol, which the Massengill Company had employed successfully in other drugs in extremely small amounts. 3 kg) of powdered sulfanilamide, as well as small amounts of the following ﬂavorenhancing substances: elixir ﬂavor, saccharin, caramel, amaranth solution, and raspberry extract. After calling the new drug Elixir Sulfanilamide, Watkins sent it to the Massengill laboratory, where it underwent examination for appearance, ﬂavor, and fragrance.
Most doctors and pharmacists contributed willingly to the conﬁscation campaign, but a few refused to cooperate and even denied the adverse effects of the drug. One South Carolina doctor admitted to inspectors that he had dispensed just under two pints of the elixir to three white patients and two black patients, none of whom died. Further investigation revealed that in fact the doctor administered the elixir to seven patients, of whom four had died: one white man, one white girl, and two black men.