Army Architecture in the West: Forts Laramie, Bridger, and by Alison K. Hoagland

By Alison K. Hoagland

During the 19th century, the U.S. army outfitted a number of forts around the kingdom because it stationed an increasing number of troops west of the Mississippi. while most folks take into consideration army forts within the American West, they think enforcing strongholds, meccas of safety enclosed by means of excessive, palisaded partitions. This well known view, notwithstanding, is way from reality.

In Army structure within the West, Alison okay. Hoagland dispels the parable that each one western forts have been uniform constructions of army may well churned out in keeping with a grasp set of plans approved by means of military officers in Washington, D.C. as a substitute, through studying 3 exemplary Wyoming forts, Hoagland unearths that extensively various architectural designs have been used to build western forts.

With greater than a hundred and twenty illustrations, Army structure within the West bargains a brand new method of utilizing structure to achieve perception into the position of the military within the American West. by means of concentrating on the tangible continues to be of the army’s presence within the West, Hoagland offers a brand new imaginative and prescient of yank army history.

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Extra info for Army Architecture in the West: Forts Laramie, Bridger, and D. A. Russell, 1849-1912

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Smith in the face of constant harassment from resentful Sioux. Like all of these forts, Fort Phil Kearny, Carrington’s headquarters, had a stockade (fig. 1-5). ” But Col. William B. Hazen inspected the post during construction and questioned the priorities. ” Hazen attributed Carrington’s priorities to the presence of women: “Had there been no officers’ wives with the command . . I believe the labor on the stockade (some two months) would have been first applied to store-houses 30 ■ OUTPOST: FORTS LARAMIE AND BRIDGER, 1849–1869 Fig.

Less than a week later, Brig. Gen. Philip St. ”30 The blockhouses/teamsters’ quarters at Fort Laramie resulted from this order. The motive was not to turn forts into defensive structures; it was clear by this point that the army was on the offensive against the Indians. Still, troops needed a base, and AN OASIS IN THE DESERT ■ 35 Fig. 1-10. Fort Bridger, 1859. When the army occupied Fort Bridger in 1858, it consisted of the stone fort and corral at the bottom of this plan. The army added lunettes.

1-10). In this case, the hostile forces were Mormons, and the threat lasted only briefly. After seizing the post in November 1857 in the wake of the Mormons’ departure, Col. Albert S. Johnston took the stone fort, measuring 100 by 100 feet, and adjacent corral, measuring 80 by 100 feet, and added lunettes, or fortified projections, at two opposite corners. With this, he had a small stronghold and a place to store supplies. 31 The next summer they built a larger, unfortified post; the original stone fort was devoted to storehouses.

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