By Philip Jodidio
Structure Now \ Современная архитектура КНИГИ ;ДИЗАЙН Автор: Philip Jodidio Название: structure Now \ Современная архитектураИздательство: Taschen Год: 2001 Язык: Английский Количество страниц: 532 Формат: PDF Размер: 77.75 MB Для сайта: www.mirknig.comТеперь, более чем когда-либо, Архитектура развивается на удивительной скорости. Архитектура стала одной из самых жизненных и захватывающих форм современной культуры. В отличие от других типов искусства, архитектура должна играть практическую роль - здания предназначены, чтобы использоваться широкой общественностью. Эти дома, магазины, музеи или гигантские бизнесцентры - они выражают истинный дух времен.В этой книги Вы найдете новые работы более 60 архитекторов, включая знакомые имена, такие как Франк O.Gehry, Ричард Meier, Tadao Ando, Norman Foster, и Philippe Starck,а так же звезды будущего архитектуры.Представленный в алфавитном порядке архитектором или фирмой, structure Now является современным справочником, с обширными фотографиями и иллюстрациями, представляющий большинство влиятельных архитекторов мира. .com letitbit.netuploading.com eighty five 1 2 three four five
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Organic small molecules on the other hand, are generally not very soluble in common solvents and are therefore typically deposited using organic molecular beam deposition (OMBD) or by organic vapor deposition. 1 Chemical description of the organic compounds shown in Fig. 1 Abbreviation Chemical description Alq3 tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum Btp2 Ir(acac) bis(2-(2’benzothienyl)pyridinato-N,C3 )(acetylacetonate)iridium(III) CNPPP 2-[(6-Cyano-6-methylheptyloxy)-1,4-phenylene] copolymer COT 1,3,5,7-cyclooctatetraene DCM2 4-(Dicyanomethylene)-2-methyl-6-(julolindin-4-yl-vinyl)-4H-pyran DFH-4T α,ω-diperfluorohexyl-quaterthiophene DFHCO-4T 5, 5”’-diperfluorohexylcarbonyl-2,2’:5’,2”:5”,2”’-quaterthiophene F5Ph bis((2,4-difluoro)phenylpyridine)-(2-(1,2,4-triazol-3-pentafluorophenyl)pyridine)iridium(III) GDP16b 2,3-Bis(4-fluorophenyl)quinoxaline(3-tert-butyl-5-(2-pyridyl)pyrazole)iridium(III) MeLPPP methyl-substituted ladder-type poly(para-phenylene) PαMs poly-α-methylstyrene PF2/6 poly(9,9-di(ethylhexyl)fluorene) PTAA Poly(triarylamine) PTCDI-C13 H27 N,N’-ditridecylperylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic diimide Fig.
Upon revolving the sample, centrifugal force spins off the fluid and a uniform film is created. Afterwards, the persistent solvent can be removed by baking the sample on a hotplate at elevated temperatures. The resulting film thickness depends on the molecular weight of the organic material, the concentration of the solution and the spin-speed. For the organic compounds of Fig. 2. The layer thickness was determined using a Veeco Dektak V200-Si stage profiler or by spectroscopic ellipsometry (Sopra GESP-5).
Using liquid solutions of organic dye molecules . Due to their broad gain spectrum and wide tuning range  commercial dye lasers have been existing for many years and are used for various applications. However, the complex and bulky laser design, requiring regular maintenance, as well as the need to employ large volumes of organic solvents are inherent drawbacks of this technology. The first solid-state lasers employing organic materials were demonstrated in 1967 by Soffer and McFarland using dye-doped polymers  and were followed by the realization of lasing in doped single crystals in 1972  and in pure anthracene crystals in 1974 .