Appropriate Technology: Technology with a Human Face by P. D. Dunn (auth.)

By P. D. Dunn (auth.)

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Having isolated and fully identified the nature of the problem, it is important to set out criteria against which to measure and compare the various solutions. We should also try to identify and list the local resources and skills available. We are all potential inventors and have latent creative abilities but, sadly, conventional education tends to inhibit invention. Intermediate Technology and Appropriate Technology 45 We are taught that there is a correct way to do things and are not encouraged to question established practice by suggesting alternatives.

Schumacher9 distinguishes between four categories-namely, that goods should be regarded as being either primary or secondary, and that these respectively should be divided into nonrenewable and renewable, and manufacture and service. Developments such as energy accounting are extremely encouraging since they show that we are now beginning to appreciate that economic factors are not in themselves sufficient and other considerations may be more important. ' There is of course no single solution to the problems of development.

Population ' II I I ~ '/ / ~ \ '\ \ \ \ ', \ ' ' ' .... y/,/ , / /--~,' _ .... ; 1 ~'output per capita , ____.... "'Pollution 0 0 Source: Limits to Growth (1972) FIG. 12 (4) (5) (6) ;::::; World model: standard run (Reference 10) model pollution per capita is assumed to be kept below a fixed level. The limit to growth is found to be the food/capita. Unlimited resources, control of pollution, increased agricultural production. In this case the limit is set by pollution, even though pollution/capita is controlled; the increased population causes a disastrous increase in total pollution levels.

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