Aggressive and Violent Peasant Elites in the Nordic by Ulla Koskinen

By Ulla Koskinen

This e-book investigates the kinds that the aggression and violence of peasant elites may perhaps soak up early smooth Fennoscandia, and their position inside of society. The individuals spotlight the social stratification, internal divisions, contradictions and conflicts of the peasant groups, but additionally concentrate on the elite as leaders of resistance opposed to the professionals. With the formation of extra centralised states, the elites’ prestige and room for enterprise decreased, yet neighborhood and temporal adaptations have been nice during this quite drawn-out procedure, and there nonetheless remained numerous beneficial contexts for his or her company. although the peasant elite was once now not a homogenous entity, the chapters during this assortment current us one uniting characteristic – the peasant elites’ tendency to claim themselves with an energetic and competitive organization, whether this resulted in very various outcomes.

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Sample text

In 1439, the bailiff in 40 K. 21 The bailiff then tried to talk the peasants into sending representatives to the court sessions organised by the Norwegian Council of the Realm. He addressed them as “dear friends” and was eager to persuade them that they would all benefit from the justice that would prevail and that he was merely seeking “peace and reconciliation” (fred oc friælse). At the same time, however, he described their “riot and disagreement” (uplop oc missæmia) as having been against the will of the Virgin Mary, the king, and the Council of the Realm.

Gummerus Osakeyhtiö), pp. 478–486; Jokipii 1956, pp. 19–40; Jutikkala 1958, pp. 121–128; Rosén 1962, pp.  107–146; Jutikkala 22 U. KOSKINEN & Pirinen 1996, pp. ) Social Relations: Property and Power.  353.  345–348. 35.  162–164 (positions of trust, cavalry service, social connections); Jutikkala 1958, pp. 121–128 (wealth, economic activity, mobility, positions of trust); Suvanto, Seppo (1987) Knaapista populiin: Tutkimuksia erilaistumisesta Satakunnan talonpojistossa vuosina 1390–1571 (Helsinki: Suomen Historiallinen Seura), pp.

Incidentally, the expression most often used in a Norwegian medieval context to describe organised peasant resistance is oppreisning, which resembles the Swedish word upresning and the English word uprising. As we shall see, oppreisning was a term used to describe less severe or challenging forms of unrest than the later oprør, which Reinholdsson has translated as rebellion. The Uprisings in 1436–1438 The first of these uprisings occurred in Southeastern Norway in 1436–1438 and led to mobilisation across the region in the political vacuum that was left after King Eric III was deposed.

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